1,336,718,015 (July 2011 est.)
Han Chinese (91.5), Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uighur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities (8.5)
Non-religious (47.6), Ethnic Religions (21.8), Buddhism (21.4), Christianity (7.3), Islam (2.0)
President Hu Jintao
Based on civil law system; derived from Soviet and continental civil code legal principles
Statistics provided by CIA World Factbook, Joshua Project and Operation World.